Treating diarrhea with goat’s milk

by George Looby, DVM
Successfully treating diarrhea in the newborn of all species has long been a challenge to those charged with their care. Infants whose immune systems have yet to be developed rely on antibodies from their mother’s colostrum to provide the protection they need until their own systems can begin to provide some degree of protection. Despite the best efforts of their caregivers, very young farm animals are often exposed to a wide variety of organisms in their environment which can wreak havoc on them. Most often these invaders attack the gastro intestinal tract resulting in a loose, watery diarrhea which leads to dehydration and sometimes, if left untreated, death. [Read more…]

New York State Fair connects farmers, fresh produce and eager buyers

CEW-MR-3-State Fair1by Pat Malin
SYRACUSE, NY — Jo Ellen Saumier and Kirby Selkirk, a pair of sheep farmers from Chateaugay, NY, near the Canadian border, took special pains to get to the New York State Fair on Aug. 27.
That day was designated as “Beef Day” and also “Senior’s Day,” but that wasn’t what attracted the duo. They traveled 200 miles, just to volunteer that day at the Farmer’s Market Federation of New York booth and to sell produce from farmers other than themselves.
This year, fresh farm produce occupied a large and prominent stand just inside the gate at the fair. It seemed like an “a-ha” moment for the NYS Department of Agriculture and Markets. Farmers and consumers alike might have asked what took the fair and state officials so long to see the obvious connection.
The fair, which ran from Aug. 22-Sept. 2, had developed a new theme which was called “Sharing the Bounty and Pride of New York.” The theme was created by Kathy Denman of Syracuse and chosen during a contest. It was used during a statewide marketing and public relations campaign aimed at promoting the Great New York State Fair. [Read more…]

Horns and calves — part of Biodynamic Dairy Herd at Hawthorne Valley Farm

CEW-MR-2-Horns and calves 1by Sanne Kure-Jensen
Steffen Schneider has been farming biodynamically for 30 years. Schneider’s practices include allowing mothers to rear their calves, careful breed selection with horns, daily rotational grazing with mixed forage, deliberate barn design and manure management with pigs. Everything on the farm strives for an ideal balance.
He shared his experience at the NOFA Summer Conference at the University of Massachusetts/Amherst.
Hawthorne Valley Farm
This 400-acre farm offers public educational workshops, summer camp and farm management programs celebrating the balance between agriculture and the natural environment.
This farm runs a herd of 130 animals and typically milk 50 to 60 cows. Animal manure is composted and recycled on pastures and vegetable fields. The farm’s diversified vegetable operation supports a 300-member CSA. The dairy and cheese-making operation’s by-product (whey) supports 40 pigs, which also offer manure management. Crop rotations include 30 to 40 acres of farm-raised wheat and other grains to support the on-farm bakery and local customers. All the straw is recycled on the farm as bedding, green manure or compost. [Read more…]

Ask a Lawyer: Hydrofracking

by Jay Girvin, Esq.,Girvin & Ferlazzo. P.C.,Albany, New York
Q. Do local municipalities have the right to ban hydrofracking?
High volume hydraulic fracturing, more commonly referred to as “hydrofracking” or “fracking,” is a process used to recover natural gas from underground shale deposits. It involves pumping a mixture of fresh water and chemical additives under high pressure into shale formations beneath the ground, typically by drilling multiple horizontal wells out from a vertical well. The mixture disturbs deposits of methane gas and is then returned to the surface, where it is stored or transported to retrieve the methane. [Read more…]

New milk pregnancy test taking root

C4-MR-3-New milk pregnancy 3 copyby Steve Wagner
Angela Scaramuzzino is a microbiology technician who works at the Lancaster Dairy Herd Improvement Association (LDHIA) in Manheim, PA. Angela busily seems to be everywhere in the DHIA building at the same time. “I test milk making sure that it is safe to drink,” she says, which almost makes it sound easy. “My primary job is milk pregnancy tests that we run every day but I also work in the micro-lab and culture lab.” She graduated from Delaware Valley College with a degree in livestock science and management, “which is large animal science. I focused a lot on large animal reproduction which I really enjoy. In the lab, we get a variety of herds, large and small, to family cows to pets. There’s nothing I don’t see that comes through here.” Holsteins probably dominate in Pennsylvania, but Scaramuzzino also assays crossbreds, Jerseys, Swiss, etc. [Read more…]