Now New Hampshire and PA Extensions have a grant-funded calibration unit that can quickly and accurately measure the output of each nozzle on the sprayer. In Pennsylvania, the cost to the grower is $50 for the first sprayer and $35 for a second one. The rest of the expenses, estimated at $200, are paid for by grant funds supplied by the PA Department of Agriculture and the State Horticulture Association of PA. The calibration unit has eight cylinders, each with a quick-connect hose that connects to the nozzles on your air blast sprayer. “The unit does the job with precision,” says Dr. Kerry Richards, Director of the Pesticide Education Program for Penn State Extension. According to Richards, the grower can see on the unit which of his nozzles are ‘off’ and not working properly. “What’s at stake is your bottom line,” [Read more…]
by George Looby, DVM
For almost 60 years the use of antibiotics as additives in livestock and poultry feeds has been an accepted and recommended practice. It was found that such use increased feed efficiency and was thought to reduce the incidence of low grade infections. This practice did not go unnoticed by consumer groups who became concerned about the likelihood that such drugs would find their way into the human food chain with unknown consequences. For years this very active group made their concerns known to their legislators requesting that some sort of regulations be instituted that would control such activity. In time the medical community began to observe an increase in the number of antibiotic resistant strains they were observing in their practices. This was particularly evident in hospital settings where compromised patients were failing to to respond to conventional antibiotic therapy. This trend led to very real concern among physicians and hospital staff when the MRSA (Methacillin resistant Staph aureus) problem began to surface. [Read more…]
Cornell University extension veterinarian Dr. Daryl Nydam is interested in the management of close-up and just-fresh cows, and the importance of minimizing negative energy balance. He’s done a lot of research in this area, and says his best research collaborators are cows.
“Transition cows have all kinds of challenges,” said Nydam. “Social pressures, getting to the feed bunk. We re-group them, put them in a new group and it’s a challenge. And while they’re growing and in early lactation, there’s a negative protein balance. We’ve just started to crack that nut.” [Read more…]
by Jane Primerano
The term “organic farming” was coined by J. I. Rodale back in the 1940s. The institute he founded and the farms he started continue, now under the direction of Mark Smallwood.
The institute is housed at Kutztown University, not far from the Emmaus, PA, publishing company (think Organic Gardening) operated by members of the family, but a separate entity.
Smallwood was invited to be the keynote speaker for the 25th annual Winter Conference of the Northeast Organic Farming Association — New Jersey held at Brookdale Community College in Lincroft. His address was a call to good stewardship and a delineation of the work being done at Rodale. [Read more…]
MT. ULLA, NC — “Of everything I do, this is my favorite,” says Ryan Sloop as he walks down a stock lane, leading a group of Brown Swiss from his family’s dairy to one of the farm’s many grazing pastures. The herd follows behind him, eager to get to a fresh stand of grass. Zealous though they are, all of them are trained to follow Sloop’s lead. When he reached the entry to that morning’s paddock, Sloop steps aside and let the cows stream into the pasture. When they settle down to graze, Sloop appraises the action. “That’s a good sound,” he says, “Heads down – grass going in, milk coming out.” [Read more…]